The old miners used sluices to blow the gold out of the banks and to separate the boulders from the dirt.
This old miner has probably lived in his hut for his whole life. It look pretty ragged.
This gang was called the Kelly Gang. These people were murderers and robbers that stole gold from people as they took to Nelson to take to the bank. One of them told on the other three and those three got hanged and the man who told on them went to Australia where he got shot as well.
Here is a song about the gold robbers who hid at Murderer's Rock on the Maungatapu Track. Click the play button to play it.